With a population increase of 4,049,402 in the past decade alone, Canada is home to 38,929,902 people. With an average birth rate of 1.49 children per woman, this growth is due mainly to immigration policies. In 2021, 23% of all Canadians were immigrants. Twenty years from now, that number could jump to 34%. This year, 430,000 people became permanent residents of Canada. The most popular countries of origin for new immigrants are India, China, and the Philippines, and the top destination province is Ontario.