Canada’s plan to increase immigration levels and become a country of 100 million people is causing controversy. Significant increases in residents during a housing shortage suggest that federal policy is influenced by ideology rather than past pragmatic approaches. The 100-million project has been debated for over a decade and was originally proposed as a geopolitical project with multiple benefits, but was later transformed by the Century Initiative, an influential group focused on economic liberalization. However, Quebec and Indigenous peoples were not initially included in the Century Initiative’s deliberations, and their concerns about demographic submersion were ignored. This approach emphasized certain economic benefits while excluding other perspectives.