On June 7, 2022, the Government of Canada announced that certain international graduates studying in Quebec’s unsubsidized private learning institutions will not be able to obtain a post-graduation work permit (PGWP). Since 2018, unsubsidized private learning institutions have been drawing a large number of international students. Between 2016 and 2018, approximately 4,900 foreign students were granted a study permit at one of these schools, while in 2019–2021, the number of foreign students jumped to 11,500. The new measure applies to all levels of study and will restrict access to PGWP in Quebec starting from September 1, 2023.