The Canadian government is proposing changes to the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) in order to keep out Russians targeted by Canada, including President Vladimir Putin and his close associates. Canada has already targeted over 1,000 individuals from Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus. Canada has also targeted individuals connected to or who assist the Russian administration. These sanctions were issued on the grounds of a “grave breach of international peace and security,” as provided for in Canada’s Special Economic Measures Act (SEMA).