The COVID-19 pandemic significantly declined immigration into Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, including Canada. On October 28, 2021, the organization published an annual report indicating that “much of the progress in migrant integration achieved over the past decade wiped out in just one year in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.” The number of permanent migrants decreased more than 30% in 2020. This means about 3.7 million fewer people – the lowest level in OECD countries since 2003.